Greenhouse gas emissions from the Transport sector comprise 19.8% of our emissions and decreased by 2.4% or 0.29 Mt CO2eq in 2017. This is the first year of decreased emissions after four successive years of increases in transport emissions. In road transport in 2017, petrol use continued to decrease by 9.8% while diesel use increased by 0.4% and biofuels use increased by 35.6%.In road transport in 2017, petrol use continued to decrease by 9.8% while diesel use increased by 0.4% and biofuels use increased by 35.6% (EPA, 2016).
To put this into context however, transport emissions are projected to increase between 6- 8% (depending on wether existing measures or additional measures are applied). This comes down to specific factors such as:
- The impact of VRT and motor tax changes (introduced in 2008), public transport efficiencies (e.g. integrated ticketing) and the carbon tax imposed on fuels since 2010.
- Improvements to the fuel economy of private cars, supported by EU Regulation which mandates maximum levels of CO2 for new cars to 120g/km in 2015 and 95g/km in 2020.
- 6% of transport energy demand comes from biofuels by 2020 which is supported by the Biofuel Obligation Scheme 20107.
Coupled with the fact that emissions in 2017 were still 113% higher than the 1990 transport emissions, with road transport increased by 140%, a sharp focus on this area is still very much a necessity. Changes in travelling patterns are required across the country from government, industry and individuals to halt this increase in transport related emissions. More information on Ireland's projected emissions can be found here.
Information on sustainable transport initiatives can be found here, including details of international best practice with respect to sustainable transport and current and planned sustainable transport initiatives in Ireland.
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