Greenhouse gas emissions from the Transport sector comprise 20.0% of our emissions and increased by 3.7% or 0.44 Mt CO2eq from 2015 in 2016. This is the fourth successive year of increases in transport emissions. In road transport in 2016, gasoline use continued to decrease by 6.7% while diesel use increased by 8.0% and biofuels use decreased by 8.0% (EPA, 2017).
To put this into context however, transport emissions are projected to increase by 19% over the period 2013 – 2020 to 13.2 Mt CO2eq (EPA, 2015). The scenarios used to calculate the projections include:
- The impact of VRT and motor tax changes (introduced in 2008), public transport efficiencies (e.g. integrated ticketing) and the carbon tax imposed on fuels since 2010.
- Improvements to the fuel economy of private cars, supported by EU Regulation which mandates maximum levels of CO2 for new cars to 120g/km in 2015 and 95g/km in 2020.
- 6% of transport energy demand comes from biofuels by 2020 which is supported by the Biofuel Obligation Scheme 20107.
Coupled with the fact that emissions in 2012 were still 113% higher than the 1990 transport emissions, a sharp focus on this area is still very much a necessity. Changes in travelling patterns are required across the country from government, industry and individuals to halt this increase in transport related emissions. More information on Ireland's projected emissions can be found here.
Information on sustainable transport initiatives can be found here, including details of international best practice with respect to sustainable transport and current and planned sustainable transport initiatives in Ireland.
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