Vulnerability of Irish Biodiversity
Vulnerability of Irish Biodiversity to Climate Change
Predicted negative effects of climate change for Ireland’s terrestrial and marine environments include changes in the distribution of species and the possible extinction of vulnerable species.
The tables below are taken from Biodiversity and Climate Change in Ireland Briefing Paper (2009) and are adapted from the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) 2008 report. They present the conservation status of the included species with an added column providing an indication of climate change impact knowledge status. The present range, population, suitable habitat, future prospects and overall status of each species is highlighted.
For more information on the NPWS 2008 report, please see the NPWS website. Each EU member state is obliged to report to the European Commission on the status of listed habitats and species every six years, so a new report is anticipated shortly.
There is a general scientific consensus that climate change is likely to favour invasive species, leading to new invasions and to the spread of established invasive species. Invasive species can also exacerbate the impacts of climate change by impacting biodiversity in advance of direct climatic impacts. Habitat alteration due to climate change will may also favour invasive species to the detriment of native wildlife.
The Invasive Species Ireland (ISI) project which began in May 2006 aims to reduce the impact and threats from invasive species on the island of Ireland and is a joint initiative between the National Parks and Wildlife Service and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency.
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