Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)

Buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of EU CO2 emissions. Energy performance of buildings is key to achieve the EU Climate & Energy objectives, namely the reduction of a 20% of the Greenhouse gases emissions by 2020 and a 20% energy savings by 2020. Improving the energy performance of buildings is a cost-effective way of fighting against climate change and improving energy security, while also creating job opportunities, particularly in the building sector. See the SEAI website for more.

The Directive on energy performance of buildings (2002/91/EC) is the main legislative instrument at EU level to achieve energy performance in buildings. Under this Directive, the Member States must apply minimum requirements as regards the energy performance of new and existing buildings, ensure the certification of their energy performance and require the regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in buildings.

In May 2010 a recast (2010/31/EU) of the original Directive was adopted in order to strengthen energy performance requirements. It is estimated that, by strengthening the provisions of the Directive on energy performance, the EU could achieve a reduction in its greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to 70% of the current EU Kyoto target. In addition to this, these improvements could save citizens around €300 per annum per household in their energy bills, while boosting the construction and building renovation industry in Europe.

Visit ec.europa.eu for more information.


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