Houses and Building Settlements

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In the Stone Age Ireland was covered in large forests of trees. There were no fields for animals to graze in or crops to grow. In order to build large settlements and start farms the first farmers had to cut down lots of trees.  To do this they used stone axes or sometimes they burnt the trees down.

When the first farmers had cleared enough trees they began growing crops like oats, barley and wheat. They also began rearing animals such as pigs, sheep and cattle. These people were very organised. They lived and worked together in large groups.

The people of the New Stone Age built stronger houses than the hunter-gatherers. This was because they did not need to move around like the hunter-gatherers.


A Stone Age Home

A Stone Age Home