Leinster and Ulster

Carlow, Meath, Wicklow, Wexford, Antrim and Down

By this time the rebellion had spread to other areas. Suspected United Irishmen were taken out and shot on the fair-green in Dunlavin on 24 May, and in the local ball-alley in Carnew the following day. Rebel attacks were made on Carlow and Hacketstown with great losses; the conspiracy was quashed in Meath with a considerable defeat on the Hill of Tara, as the conflict spread into Wicklow and Wexford. In the latter, clashes at Tincurry and the Harrow, began a fierce, bloody struggle that culminated with the establishment of a rebel Irish Republic in Wexford Town, and the decisive defeat of the rebels on 21 June at the Battle of Vinegar Hill. Rebels under Fr. John Murphy fought their way into Carlow, Kilkenny and Laois but found little local support and turned back towards Wexford. Fr. Murphy was eventually captured and executed at Tullow on 2 July.

Remnants of the great Wexford/Wicklow army led by Fr. Mogue Kearns and Anthony Perry, marched from Wicklow to join Aylmer's army in Kildare and to ultimately march to rouse the north. The first joint action was disastrously defeated at Clonard and most of the Kildaremen who joined them returned home to seek surrender. Eventually, having trekked through Meath with the military in close persuit, this force was dispersed at Ballyboughal in CountyDublin. Perry and Kearns were hanged in Edenderry. Some rebel groups maintained a guerrilla campaign in the Wicklow Mountains under Michael Dwyer and Joseph Holt; some went on the fight with Robert Emmet in the rebellion on 1803, including rebels from Lullymore in County Kildare under Michael Doorly. Atrocities committed on both sides, like the massacres at Scullabogue and the Gibbet Rath, left a bitter legacy and many areas remained disturbed for months to come.

Rebellion had also broken out in Antrim and Down in early June. Henry Joy McCracken's largely Presbyterian army was routed after an assault on Antrim town. In Down, the United Irishmen led by Henry Monroe, were decimated at the Battle of Ballynahinch on the 13 June. The rising in Ulster was over.

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