Metalwork Techniques


A process which uses a mould. A mould is created from the cast of another object. The object or form can then be replicated. The lost-wax process was often used for more delicate or intricate objects, whereby a wax cast of the object is made. This cast becomes a mould into which the hot metal is poured. The wax mould is very delicate and is usually destroyed in the process, hence the name lost-wax.

Chip Carving

Metal carved in high relief, creating strong lines and deep shadows.


The fusion of glass onto metal. It can be done in a number of different ways creating a variety of different effects.


Cutting a design into the surface of the metal using a sharp implement. Also known as incising.


The twisting of very thin gold wires in order to create a delicate rope. Sometimes different sizes were twisted in order to create a more glittering effect.


The application of gold leaf (extremely thin sheets or flakes of gold) to the surface of a solid metal. It is often achieved by melting gold in mercury and then painting the surface of the metal with this mix. Heat is then applied in order to evaporate the mercury exposing the layer of gold beneath.


Stamping or pressing a design on to a metal surface using a design that has been cast in a block of wood or other strong material.


Studs are created from coloured glass enamel casts of clay moulds.


The shaping of metal on a tool which rotates the workpiece on its axis called a lathe. It is used to make bowl shapes and cones.


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