Definitions of Governance

United Nations Development Programme

“Environmental governance, broadly speaking, refers to the institutions, policies, rules and practices that mediate how the international community, nation-states, corporations, and citizens interact with the environment at different levels – global, national, and local. Effective environmental governance means the participation and cooperation of all actors – governments, NGOs, the private sector, civil society and community groups, and ordinary citizens – in collaborative efforts towards sustainable development and environmental improvement”

United Nations Development Programme



"Dochas sees governance as the means by which institutions, business and citizen groups articulate their interests, exercise their rights and obligations, and mediate their difference. Good governance is not something that the state does to society, but rather it is the means by which society and the individuals who comprise it regulate the various aspects of their collective life.”

Dochas, the Irish Association of Non-Governmental Organisations


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