The Development of a Landlord Town

Birr's most famous historian Thomas Lalor Cooke noted in his book entitled Early History of the Town of Birr or Parsonstown that "Almost immediately after getting the possession of Birr, Sir Laurence Parsons, commenced to build and make other improvements there at considerable expense"

The new gothic entrance gate seen here built in 1803 provided an impressive statement and focal point for development of Oxmantown Mall.

The early 19th century development can be divided into three phases:

  • The development of Cumberland Square, beginning in 1745
  • The development of Oxmantown Mall, beginning in 1803
  • The development of St John's Mall and St John's Place 1811-1835

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